LawpreneurzCONSTITUTION OF INDIA
The Constitution of India is a unique and remarkable legal cum socio-political document with several features and partly borrowed and partly retained as per needs and circumstances of the country. It is a comprehensive and modern charter of Governance, which has been largely based on the Government of India Act 1935, U.S. Constitution, British Constitutional conventions and Irish Constitution.
Major Salient features are as under:
- Largest written Constitution - The Constitution of India has the distinction of being the most lengthy and detailed Constitutional document the world has so far produced. The original Constitution contained 395 Articles and 8 Schedules. With 104 amendments, the Constitution has now 448 articles and 12 schedules. As against this, interestingly, the Constitution of USA which was adopted in 1787 has barely VII Articles and has been amended only 26 times in a span of 234 years of its existence.
- Preamble - The Preamble reflects the philosophy and objectives. Like USA it begins with WE THE PEOPLE. It was amended by 42nd Amendment Act in 1976 to add words Socialist and Secular.
- Rule of Law - Rule of Law constitutes the core principle. It is embodied in Article 14 with necessary exceptions laid down in Articles 15 & 16.
- Federal Structure - The Constitution of India is basically federal in nature, but has strong tendencies of unitary set-up. Provisions relating to Units(states) have been elaborately provided and the VIIth Schedule has provided distribution of legislative powers. But Emergency provision under Article 352-360 tilt the balance towards unitory. As rightly said by noted constitutional writer, Prof. M.P. Jain, the Indian federation is based on principles of co-operative federalism.
- Trilogy of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties -
- Independence of Judiciary -
- Judicial Review -
- Emergency Provisions -
- Flexible Amending Process with Basic Structure -
- Free and Fair Election
- Parliamentary Democracy
Note - All above salient features will be explained in detail in ensuing videos/lecture notes
LawpreneurzDetails of lecture
|Lecture 1||Introduction & Making of the Constitution|
|Lecture 2||Salient Features of the Indian Constitution|
|Lecture 3||Fundamental Rights - Part 1|
|Lecture 4||Fundamental Rights - Part 2|
|Lecture 5||Fundamental Rights - Part 3|
|Lecture 6||Fundamental Duties|
|Lecture 7||The Union Executive - The President|
|Lecture 8||Prime Minister Council of Ministers|
|Lecture 9||Powers & Duties of President|
|Lecture 10||The Union Legislature – Parliament|
|Lecture 11||Legislative Procedure|
|Lecture 12||Union Judiciary - Supreme Court|
|Lecture 13||Independence of Judiciary|
|Lecture 14||The State Executive – Governor|
|Lecture 15||The Chief Minister Council of Ministers|
|Lecture 16||The State of Jammu & Kashmir|
|Lecture 17||The State Legislature|
|Lecture 18||The State Judiciary - High Courts Sub-ordinate|
|Lecture 19||Union Territories|
|Lecture 20||Local Self Government Co-operative societies|
|Lecture 21||Relation between Union States|
|Lecture 22||Trade, Commerce Intercourse within India|
|Lecture 23||Services under Union States|
|Lecture 24||Election and Election Commission|
|Lecture 25||Emergency Provisions - Part 1|
|Lecture 26||Emergency Provisions - Part 2|
|Lecture 27||Amendment of Constitutional Basic Structure|
|Lecture 28||Other Constitutional Authorities|
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