The Constitution of India is a unique and remarkable legal cum socio-political document with several features and partly borrowed and partly retained as per needs and circumstances of the country. It is a comprehensive and modern charter of Governance, which has been largely based on the Government of India Act 1935, U.S. Constitution, British Constitutional conventions and Irish Constitution.

Major Salient features are as under:

  • Largest written Constitution - The Constitution of India has the distinction of being the most lengthy and detailed Constitutional document the world has so far produced. The original Constitution contained 395 Articles and 8 Schedules. With 104 amendments, the Constitution has now 448 articles and 12 schedules. As against this, interestingly, the Constitution of USA which was adopted in 1787 has barely VII Articles and has been amended only 26 times in a span of 234 years of its existence.
  • Preamble - The Preamble reflects the philosophy and objectives. Like USA it begins with WE THE PEOPLE. It was amended by 42nd Amendment Act in 1976 to add words Socialist and Secular.
  • Rule of Law - Rule of Law constitutes the core principle. It is embodied in Article 14 with necessary exceptions laid down in Articles 15 & 16.
  • Federal Structure - The Constitution of India is basically federal in nature, but has strong tendencies of unitary set-up. Provisions relating to Units(states) have been elaborately provided and the VIIth Schedule has provided distribution of legislative powers. But Emergency provision under Article 352-360 tilt the balance towards unitory. As rightly said by noted constitutional writer, Prof. M.P. Jain, the Indian federation is based on principles of co-operative federalism.
  • Trilogy of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties -
  • Independence of Judiciary -
  • Judicial Review -
  • Emergency Provisions -
  • Flexible Amending Process with Basic Structure -
  • Free and Fair Election
  • Parliamentary Democracy

Note - All above salient features will be explained in detail in ensuing videos/lecture notes

LawpreneurzDetails of lecture

Sr No. Topics
Lecture 1 Introduction & Making of the Constitution
Lecture 2 Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Lecture 3 Fundamental Rights - Part 1
Lecture 4 Fundamental Rights - Part 2
Lecture 5 Fundamental Rights - Part 3
Lecture 6 Fundamental Duties
Lecture 7 The Union Executive - The President
Lecture 8 Prime Minister Council of Ministers
Lecture 9 Powers & Duties of President
Lecture 10 The Union Legislature – Parliament
Lecture 11 Legislative Procedure
Lecture 12 Union Judiciary - Supreme Court
Lecture 13 Independence of Judiciary
Lecture 14 The State Executive – Governor
Lecture 15 The Chief Minister Council of Ministers
Lecture 16 The State of Jammu & Kashmir
Lecture 17 The State Legislature
Lecture 18 The State Judiciary - High Courts Sub-ordinate
Lecture 19 Union Territories
Lecture 20 Local Self Government Co-operative societies
Lecture 21 Relation between Union States
Lecture 22 Trade, Commerce Intercourse within India
Lecture 23 Services under Union States
Lecture 24 Election and Election Commission
Lecture 25 Emergency Provisions - Part 1
Lecture 26 Emergency Provisions - Part 2
Lecture 27 Amendment of Constitutional Basic Structure
Lecture 28 Other Constitutional Authorities

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Shipra DhankerTopper for Delhi Judicial Services 2019